In this article, we are going to discuss toddlers learning. I do not believe that we should get ahead of this Toddlers Learning process. But that we should better lay the foundations for reading differently in preschool. These bases are in the development of the interest in books, the pleasure around the books, the engagement in the activities of animation around the book, and the oral comprehension of the stories. In language interactions. And these bases are not all the same for all the children who arrive in kindergarten. Whether at five years old or at four years old. You can also teach your kids about vocabulary words that start with d.
Ability to recognize letters and associate them
I could present many research results to you here, but I will highlight some of my incredible work from the last ten years (while inviting you to write to me if you wish to read the scientific articles). First, it is essential to mention that early detection of the skills necessary for reading is critical. We generally measure the ability to recognize letters and associate them with their respective sounds (phonological awareness). We very little assess the child’s ability to construct the meaning of a text.
Early childhood, a political priority
Since 2000, the Senegalese authorities have paid growing attention to early childhood, which enjoys strong political support and has become a national priority thanks to a political will led by the Republic and an international and regional context favorable to early childhood education. Early childhood has gained importance and visibility by adopting various key treaties relating to children’s rights, stressing, in particular, the recognition and respect of universal principles in terms of rights to education and protection from birth.
The development of education
The Jomtien Declaration in 1990 the World Forum on Education for All in Dakar in April 2000. With the adoption of the Millennium Goals(MDG), Senegal, like the international community, made a firm commitment to developing education for all (EFA) by 2015 at the latest. A unique initiative of the United Nations for Africa, it has adopted a ten-year education and training plan to achieve the goals and objectives of EFA, which, in a way, integrates early childhood development, with early childhood protection and education being its primary objective.
Education and Training Development
This plan, which has become the Education and Training Development Program (PDF), establishes the framework for implementing Senegal’s educational policy. The PDF initially set itself three objectives: the democratization of access to primary education, improving the quality of Toddlers Learning, and more efficient system management. A sure way to break the vicious circle of poverty, early childhood figures, with elementary school and adult literacy, high on the priorities of the PDF.
Strong demographic growth
During the 1980s, a period of sluggishness in the economy in a context of solid demographic growth, the education system suffered the repercussions of structural adjustments and had to face a severe crisis with multiple effects. The deficit in structures, inhuman, material and financial resources, and mismanagement of the limited resources available. The Senegalese education system then concentrated its efforts on the elementary school to benefit marginalized preschool education. Now today trending
Heart of educational intervention
This crisis has exposed the limits of the formal education sector and encouraged the public authorities, supported by NGOs, to turn to the non-formal education sector, which is developing inexpensive models centred on a community approach. And whose major innovation is the involvement of families and communities considered as full partners? It was then that a change appeared in the design of the programs: classical nursery school programs firmly rooted in the educational tradition where Toddlers Learning is at the very heart of educational intervention. We turned towards a global program model combining education with health care related to child nutrition and hygiene.
A new vision of education
Towards the end of the nineties, a new vision of the child and his education changed the representations of young children and their care methods. Early childhood education is changing: policies update, programs and practices are being renewed, trying to feed on both tradition and modernity. So, A new paradigm for preschool education is developing. It calls into question the dominant mode of intervention of the classical nursery school. More visible structures are now part of the decor, and innovative strategies accompany them. Also, The box for toddlers is at the heart of this movement.
The box for toddlers
President of the Republic A. Wade, elected in 2000, expresses his desire to decisively boost early childhood development: “the State has chosen to invest in child capital in order to ensure its succentor. Early childhood development in Senegal is not a social action but a macroeconomic action that is at the heart of development by enhancing human resources. So, This option of the new regime places early childhood among the priorities of educational policy; Senegal is initiating an essential shift in the conceptualization of policies and the establishment of educational structures and services intended for early childhood education and protection.
The Senegalese educational landscape
On the idea of the President of the Republic, a new structure invites itself in the Senegalese educational landscape: the presidential model of the box of the very young (CTP). From 2001, the institutional management of the early childhood sector was no longer entrusted to a national directorate but in turn to a delegated ministry in charge of early childhood, then to an autonomous ministry, the ministry for the family and early childhood. (MFPE), and finally to the National Agency for the Box of Toddlers (ANCTP). So, a service directly attached to the Presidency. Is this structure that we come across on the detours of towns and countryside different from the existing systems?
Why the box for toddlers?
In Senegal, toddlers (0-8 years) represented, in 2000, 26.2% of the total population (ANCTP, 2004). In general, the situation of these children is worrying. The under-5 mortality rate remains high (119 per 1,000 births in 2005) compared to global standards. Malnutrition, which affects 22.7% of children under the age of 5, is responsible for 30% of children’s hospitalization cases.
health and social State of children
The health and social state of children in Senegal is not very favorable. Food deficiencies deteriorate the State of the health of the populations. The conditions of hygiene and sanitation are precarious. In urban areas, in particular, the disparities between rich and poor neighborhoods are growing. Child labor is still a common practice (37%).
Difficulty in education
The family unit has difficulty in educating and protecting young children. The violation of children’s rights manifests in different forms:
- Domestic violence
- Exploitation through work and begging
- A scourge of Senegalese society
The financial resources allocated to early childhood Toddlers Learning do not ensure good social, educational coverage (ANCTP, 2004). Rapid population growth puts tremendous strain on the education system. The proportion of households living below the poverty line reached 58% in 1996. So, Under the aegis of the World Bank, Senegal has drawn up a Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) whose priority objective is to get out of poverty through growth. One of the principal axes of this strategy is the development of education and training. Now today trending
The new integrated early childhood development policy
To help states develop and improve early childhood services, UNESCO has launched a joint early childhood policy review project with the OECD. Although Senegal participated in this activity in 2007, an examination that enabled it to take stock of its integrated early childhood development policy (DIPE) and validate the CTP model, the process of which is underway. The DIPE policy aims first of all at the recognition and promotion of the child’s rights.
Meaning and operation of toddler boxes
The “hut”, according to the Robert dictionary, designates. The choice of this concept to establish new early childhood education and protection structures is not accidental. The hut in Africa, often built using natural materials, is a symbol of ancestral civilization. It translates as a way of life, a form of being and thinking. It symbolizes an attachment to Negro-African values. However, the hut, living space, socializing space, educational place par excellence was the starting point for learning about human life. In his mother’s house, the child lives the experience of the mother-child dyad.