Colon & Colorectal Cancer Symptoms & Treatment

colon cancer

About Colon Cancer

Colon cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the large intestine and spreads to other parts of the body (colon). The colon is the last part of the digestive system to be reached. Although it is more common in the elderly, it can affect anyone at any age. Polyps, which are tiny, noncancerous (benign) collections of cells that grow on the inside of the colon, are usually the first sign. Some of these polyps may turn into colon cancer over time. Small polyps may cause very little symptoms if any at all. As a result, doctors recommend periodic screening tests to detect and remove polyps before they become malignant, which can help prevent colon cancer.

Symptoms

Some of the indications and symptoms of are as follows:

  • A change in your bowel habits, such as diarrhea or constipation, or a change in the consistency of your faces, that persists.
  • Blood in your faces or rectal bleeding
  • Consistent stomach pain, such as cramps, gas, or bloating
  • Feeling as if your bowels aren’t entirely emptied
  • Weakness or exhaustion
  • Weight loss that isn’t explained

Many people with colon cancer have no symptoms or indicators in the early stages. Depending on the size and location of the cancer in your large intestine, your symptoms may vary.

Causes

According to physicians, the majority of colon cancers are caused by unknown causes. In general, it is caused by mutations in the DNA of healthy colon cells. The DNA of a cell includes instructions that tell it what to do. Healthy cells divide and develop in a regular pattern to keep your body running smoothly. Despite the fact that new cells aren’t necessary when a cell’s DNA is damaged and it turns cancerous, the cell continues to divide. A tumor forms when the cells multiply.

Factors that are at risk

The following factors may raise your risk:

  • Getting older. This cancer can strike anybody at any age, although the majority of those diagnosed are over 50. Its rates in persons under the age of 50 have been rising, but physicians aren’t sure why.
  • Colon cancer runs in the family. If you have a blood family who has had this cancer, you’re more likely to have it. If you have a family history of colon or rectal cancer, your chances are significantly higher.
  • A sedentary way of life. Inactive people are more prone to get cancer. Regular physical exercise can help to lower your risk of such cancer.
  • Diabetes. This cancer is more likely in those who have diabetes or insulin resistance.
  • Smokers may have a higher risk of colon cancer than nonsmokers.
  • Colon cancer is more likely if you drink a lot of alcohol.

When should you see a doctor?

If you notice any persistent symptoms that concern you, schedule an appointment with your doctor. Consult Singapore colon surgeon about when you should start colon cancer screening. The screenings should begin at the age of 50, according to most guidelines. If you have other risk factors, such as a family history of the illness, your doctor may prescribe more frequent or earlier screening.

Colon Cancer Treatment Singapore

Surgery is the most frequent initial colon cancer treatment Singapore. The tumor, a short margin of healthy intestine surrounding it, and nearby lymph nodes are all removed during surgery. The surgeon then joins the healthy bowel parts. The rectum is often permanently removed in individuals with rectal cancer if the disease has spread too low in the rectum. The surgeon then makes a hole in the abdominal wall (colostomy) through which the solid waste from the colon is expelled.

Colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer is a malignancy that affects both the colon and the rectum. Bowel cancer, colon cancer, and rectal cancer are all terms for the same thing.

Symptoms

There may be no symptoms in the early stages of colorectal cancer.If so, they might include:

  • Bowel habits have changed
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • A sensation that your bowels aren’t emptying properly
  • Blood in the faces, giving it a dark brown or black appearance
  • Rectum blood has a vivid crimson color.
  • Bloating and abdominal discomfort

Colorectal Cancer Treatment

Treatment will be determined by a number of things. These are some of them:

  • The size and location of tumors, as well as the stage of disease
  • Whether or whether the cancer has returned
  • The individual’s overall health

Colorectal cancer treatment Singapore: Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery are all possibilities for treatment. Palliative care can help patients cope with symptoms like pain and enhance their overall quality of life.

In Singapore, where can I have colon or Colorectal cancer surgery?

You should contact a specialist who specializes in Colon or colorectal Cancer if you have any difficulties with sweating. These medical facilities will provide you with a full solution to your problem. Furthermore, the therapy for Cancer surgery in Singapore is quick and painless.