How to Keep Your Kidneys Healthy as You Age

Kidney diseases or kidney infections are silent killers. It affects the quality of life, especially
as people age. The risk of kidney diseases gets high in people as they approach old age. Apart
from CKD, various other kidney diseases such as End-stage renal disease also affects a
majority of the population.

Even if a person doesn’t belong to any risk categories, it is
important to take care of kidney health to enjoy a quality of life. This article lists some
efficient ways to maintain kidney health as the person ages.

What is a kidney?

The kidney is a bean-shaped fist-sized organ situated at the bottom of the rib cage on both
sides of the spine. The kidney performs various functions including filtering waste products,
excess water, impurities from the blood, and reabsorption of nutrients from the waste
products.

The waste products get stored in the bladder, and then it is expelled through urine.
The kidney has a small structural and functional unit called the nephron. The nephron
performs the function of filtration. The kidney is also responsibly activating a form of
Vitamin D, and this activated form helps in the absorption of calcium for building bones and
muscle function regulation.
To maintain these functions at an optimum level it is crucial to maintain one’s kidney health
by following the tips suggested by surgeons of the best hospital for kidney transplant in
India.

Also Read: Guide to hair transplant

Maintain an active life and be fit

Regular exercise is not only beneficial to maintain the figure, but it is also important to
maintain a healthy body. Having a healthy body reduces the risk of chronic kidney disease. It
also improves the body’s blood pressure and boosts the health of the heart and, thus prevents
kidney damage.

Maintaining a fit body doesn’t mean that you have to run marathons to keep
your kidney healthy. One can perform common exercises such as walking, running, cycling,
and even dancing to maintain health. It is best to find an activity that keeps them busy and at
the same time is fun to do. A fun and busy activity will be great to stick to and help gain good
results.

Control the blood sugar level

People with blood sugar or a condition that increases blood sugar are at a higher risk of
sustaining kidney damage. When the body cells are unable to take up the glucose in the
blood, the kidney is forced to perform extra work to filter the blood.

Years of exertion can
lead to worn-out kidneys and life-threatening damage. If one pays attention to the amount of
sugar and can control the blood sugar level, it reduces the risk of kidney damage. In case of
damage, early diagnosis helps prevent additional complications.

Keep the body hydrated but don’t overdo it

A popular belief among people is over hydration of body maintain a healthy kidney and
maintain is function. However, contrary to the popular belief, there is no research proving
that overhydration enhances kidney function.

It is a good idea to keep the body hydrated with
about six to seven glasses of water. The maximum amount of water intake should be 2 liters a
day. But drinking more water won’t do any good to the kidneys. Water helps eliminate
sodium and other toxins from the kidney and also reduces the risk of CDK.

Follow a healthy diet

A healthy diet has various benefits, inlcuding kidney health. It maintains ideal body weight,
lowers blood pressure, prevents diabetes, and prevents heart disease and various other
conditions associated with chronic kidney disease.
A healthy diet for kidneys include less amount of salt. The recommended intake of sodium in
a day should be between 5 to 6 grams.

The salt also includes the sodium already present in
the food. One can cut salt intake by avoiding processed and restaurant food. Preparing food
from scratch allows the person to control the amount of salt added.

Check the blood pressure

High blood pressure can result in kidney damage. High blood pressure along with various
other conditions such as like diabetes, heart disease, or high cholesterol has a threatening
impact on the kidney.

The ideal blood pressure of the human body is 120/80 and 139/89
indicates hypertension. If a person has a pressure reading above 140/90 consistently it means
the person has high blood pressure. Monitor the high blood pressure and make lifestyle
changes to keep it under control.

Do not smoke or drink too much alcohol

Completely stop smoking at the earliest possible. Smoking significantly damages the blood
vessels and leads to slow blood flow through the body and kidney. Smoking also increases
the risk of cancer in the kidneys. Limit alcohol consumption to 14 units per week.
Consumption of excess alcohol increases blood pressure which may lead to kidney disease.
Keep a check on the OTC pills
Regular consumption of over-the-counter (OTC) pain medication can result in kidney
damage. Regular intake of Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as
ibuprofen and naproxen can damage the kidney.
The common kidney diseases
● Chronic kidney disease: CKD is the most common kidney disease which eventually
leads to kidney disease. High BP is a common cause of chronic kidney disease.
● Kidney stones: The hard deposits of minerals and other substances in the kidney are
known as kidney stones. The stone causes severe pain in the urinary tract.

● Glomerulonephritis: The inflammation glomeruli of nephron which performs
filtration.
● Polycystic kidney disease: The formation of clusters of cysts in the kidney which,
leads to inflammation and failure
● UTI: The bacterial infections that affect the urinary tract.
Bottom line
For a healthy body and happy lifestyle maintain a regulated diet and follow beneficial
lifestyle habits.