Carl Rogers in 1940 introduced and developed Person Centered Therapy. The Person Centered Therapy focuses on a non-directive approach towards the client helping them with warmth and empathy. It inspires and empowers the clients by reducing their complexities and psychological problems. This therapy has a particular motive, which was Roger’s personal belief. Roger believed that each human being has the power and the endeavour to fulfil his/her own potential. Personal centred therapy, also known as Rogerian therapy, has influenced and heavily impacted the study of psychology and other related research subjects.
What is Person Centered Therapy?
Client centred therapy or the Person Centered Therapy is a non-directive therapy where therapists act as an equivalent partner without passing on comments, judging, offering unrealistic suggestions or solutions to the client. Roger, the developer of this therapeutic technique believed that everybody possesses the potential to be good, so what the counsellors need to do is that they need to guide them to look for and utilize that inner potential of every individual. His ultimate goal in this therapy is to be as subtle as possible to the clients.
Factors necessary for Person Centered Therapy
According to Rogers, there are a total of six key components which are necessary for the development of an individual. All six of them are discussed below.
- Therapist-Client Psychological Contact: In order to achieve positive results in the growth of an individual’s potential, the client and the therapist must have a relationship.
- Client Incongruence or Vulnerability: The clients are sometimes unaware or overly aware of their own incongruities. This is a result of finding a disparity between the client’s self-image and the actual experience he/she is going through.
- Therapist Congruence or Genuineness: The therapist also needs to possess some important qualities like authenticity, self-awareness, and consistency. Without these qualities, the application of Person Centered Therapy towards the client is not acceptable. This does not mean that the therapist needs to be perfect, but rather he/she needs to be true to himself/herself.
- Therapist Unconditional Positive Regard (UPR): The acceptance of the client’s thoughts and experience without any kind of judgement or conditions is very important for the therapist to make this therapy work. The result of which will be that the clients will open up more, share more thoughts and experiences without the worry of getting judged.
- Therapist Empathy: The counselor can show empathy towards the client as well as recognize and experience the emotions without getting involve directly.
- Client Perception: The client gradually understands the unreserved positive approach and empathetic comprehension that the therapist is showing.
Person Centered Therapy gives a clearer perception about one’s own self.
Usage of Person Centered Therapy
The effectiveness of Person Centered Therapy has been seen among people with disorders such as:
- Mood disorder
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- Negative thoughts
Benefits of Person Centered Therapy
According to a certain individual perspective, his/her self is in sync with the environment he/she is in. Sometimes, these thoughts are artificial and not in sync with the reality that is when Person Centered Therapy comes into play. This therapy helps people return to the right track, making their perception clearer about themselves. The main focus of this therapy is to learn and adjust more about his/her self and society.
- Extensive research suggests that the techniques used in Person Centered Therapy are highly effective.
- Authenticity and coinciding show a better outcome, specifically if it is use in a school counselling environment.
- In the case of people with mood and anxiety disorders, wholehearted positivity is exponentially effective for improving overall well being.
- While handling people who have depression and anxiety, it has been observe that empathy promotes beneficial outcomes.
Things to consider
- The effective way of making Person Centered Therapy work is to share your thoughts and internal experiences without getting any advice or suggestions from your therapists.
- The client will have an equivalent partnership with the therapist and sometimes, the client will have to decide the course of his/her session.
- However, this therapy is not an ideal approach for everybody, although it may boost your self confidence. Some clients prefer a more directive approach from their therapists and the Person Centered Therapy is solely based on a ‘non-directive’ approach.
- Forming a trustable relationship with the therapist is a very important part of this therapy. Without fully trusting your therapist you will not be able to open yourself, express your inner thoughts and feelings.
A Person Centered Therapy focuses on the uniqueness of an individual. Since the inception of this therapy is also known as client center therapy by Rogers, it paved the way for many revolutionary studies and observations in the respective field of psychology. In this approach, empathy, and warmth plays a pivotal role in the treatment. If you are in need of emotional assistance you can certainly visit a certified therapist who uses Person Centered Therapy. To watch movies for free you can visit Uwatchfree movies and watch or download.